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January 1982
324 pages  

6 x 9
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Working-Class Life
The “American Standard” in Comparative Perspective, 1899-1913
Shergold, Peter
This book offers a comparative study of working-class life in Pittsburgh, PA and Birmingham, England in the early twentieth century.

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Peter R. Shergold is Secretary of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet in Australia, and former Senior Lecturer in economic history at the University of New South Wales.
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This book challenges the commonly held theory that American workers had a far superior standard of living than their European counterparts in the early twentieth century. Peter R. Shergold bases his study on the cities of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and Birmingham, England, and compares statistical data on wage rates, labor hours, family income, retail prices, diet and budgets. He also presents information from medical investigators, travelers, charity workers, business organizations, diaries, speeches and a wide variety of other sources to breathe human life into his statistical data. Shergold reveals that skilled Americans did earn higher wages than the British, yet unskilled workers did not, while Americans worked longer hours, with a greater chance of injury, and had fewer social services.


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