Henry Clay Frick and the Industrial Transformation of America
A detailed, carefully wrought business biography of Henry Clay Frick, one of the leading entrepreneurs in American heavy industry during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Kenneth Warren has provided not only insight into the life of Henry Clay Frick, but a major contribution to our understanding of the history of the basic industries, the shaping of society, locality, and region - and thereby of laying the foundations for the value systems and landscapes of present-day America.
Kenneth Warren is Emeritus Fellow of Jesus College, University of Oxford. He is the author of numerous books, including Big Steel: The First Century of the United States Steel Corporation 1901–2001; Wealth, Waste, and Alienation: Growth and Decline in the Connellsville Coke Industry; and Bethlehem Steel: Builder and Arsenal of America.
“Warren provides a detailed chronological account of the business career of Henry Clay Frick, one of the leading entrepreneurs in American heavy industry during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. . . . This is a useful and thorough study which will be a helpful source for business historians and there is much to be gleaned about the changing nature of the coal, iron and steel trades.”—Business History
“A detailed, carefully wrought business biography of Henry Clay Frick . . . as much a history of the steel industry, in general, and the development of Carnegie Steel and the United States Steel Corporation, in particular, as it is a traditional ‘life’ of Frick.”
—Van Beck Hall, University of Pittsburgh
“Relying upon the recently opened Frick papers, Warren recounts Frick’s career from the early days with H.C. Frick Coal and Coke Company, to Carnegie Brothers, and finally U.S. Steel. A widely recognized expert on the American steel industry, Warren offers a particularly lucid account of the economic, organizational, and locational challenges of steel making during its halcyon years. The human side of the process emerges as well. Using business correspondence, Warren provides insight into the business values of not only Henry Clay Frick but also Andrew Carnegie, Charles Schwab, and Elbert Gary. A model for business biographers, this fascinating study should be of interest to historians at all levels.”—Choice
Best remembered today for his fierce opposition to labor, especially during the Homestead Strike of 1892, Henry Clay Frick was also one of the most powerful and innovative industrialists of the nineteenth century.
After consolidating the vital bituminous coke fields of the Connellsville region in western Pennsylvania, Frick became the most important of Andrew Carnegie’s partners and the manager of Carnegie’s steel interests. Later, his bitter oppositon to Carnegie was one factor in the events leading to the 1901 purchase of the Carnegie Steel Company by J. P. Morgan and the formation of the Unites States Steel Corporation.
Kenneth Warren is the first historian to be given unrestricted access to the extensive Frick archives in Pittsburgh. Drawing on Frick’s personal and business papers, as well as the records of the H. C. Frick Coal & Coke Company, the Carnegie Steel Company, and the U.S. Steel Corporation, Warren provides a wealth of new insights into Frick’s relationship with such contemporaries as Carnegie, J. P. Morgan, Charles Schwab, and Elbert Gary. He describes and analyzes the key decisions that formed labor and industrial policy in the iron and steel industry during a period of growth that remains unparalled in American business history.
Not only an industrial biography of a driving force in American industry and the organization of American business, Triumphant Capitolism, now available in paperback, makes a major contribution to our understanding of the history of the basic industries, the shaping of society, locality, and region - and thereby of laying the foundations for the value systems and landscapes of present-day America.